Granada is a city and Spanish municipality, capital of the homonymous province, in the autonomous community of Andalusia. It is located in the center of the Vega de Granada region, at an altitude of 680 meters above sea level, in a wide intrabatic depression formed by the Genil River and the foothills of the highest mass of the Iberian Peninsula, Sierra Nevada, which conditions its weather.
In it is the headquarters of the judicial party number 3 of the province; that of the archdiocese that bears his name, as well as that of the High Court of Justice of Andalusia, Ceuta and Melilla and that of the Consultative Council of Andalusia.
In 2014, 237,540 people lived there, 4,498,365 counting the metropolitan area.5 The neighborhoods they own are very different from each other, partly due to the continued immigration that took place until the 1990s; the most important are Zaidín, Albaicín, Sacromonte, Realejo, La Chana, Almanjáyar and La Cartuja.
It was the capital of the Zirí Kingdom of Granada, during the 11th century, and of the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada between the 13th and 15th centuries. After the capture of the city by the Catholic Monarchs, it remained the capital of the Castilian Kingdom of Granada, which was already a simple territorial jurisdiction and which remained until 1833, at which time there was a new provincial division in Spain, still in force. Its municipal coat of arms holds the titles of "Very noble, very loyal, named, great, celebrated and heroic city of Granada."